glossary

Glossary

Here you can find frequently used terminology in dealing with our business.

Adhesive (ceramic) - Used for bonding tile to a surface.

Backing - Material used as a base over which tile is installed.

Battiscopa - A floor trim.

Bullnose - A trim tile with a finished edge. Used for finishing top of wainscot or turning of an outside corner.

Caulk - A soft, water resistant plastic material used for sealing joints.

Coefficient of Friction (C.O.F.) - Slip resistance of a tile.

Cure - The time period that a tile installation setting material must be undisturbed and allowed to set for it to reach full strength.

Decorative Tile - Any tile face decorated by silk screening, hand painting or ceramic decal before firing.

Dry Set Mortar - A cement based setting material for thin-bed installations.

Embossed A decoration in relief.

Epoxy Adhesive - A two part adhesive system consisting of epoxy resin and epoxy hardener. Used for bonding ceramic tile or stone to backing material.

Epoxy Grout - A two part grout system consisting of epoxy resin and epoxy hardener. Made to have impervious qualities, stain and chemical resistant. Used to fill joints between tiles.

Feature Strip (Border) - A narrow strip of tile with design, texture or contrasting color that creates a design concept.

Field Tile - The primary tile used to cover a wall or floor.

Floor Tile - A ceramic tile or natural stone tile durable enough to withstand traffic and/or abrasion.

Grout - A sand, cement and chemical mix for filling tile joints. Available in a wide variety of colors.

Glazed Tile - A tile that has an impervious facial finish composed of glaseous ceramic materials fused to the surface of the tile.

Granite - A natural stone that is more dense than marble. Granite is molten lava that never rose above the surface of the earth. It is extremely durable and holds a polish. Available in polished, honed or flamed (rough) surfaces.

Jog - A portion of the room's border or wall which projects beyond a flush surface.

Limestone - Sedimentary stone which could contain fossils or shells. Usually comes with a honed (matte) finish. Not a wide variety of color; stones have little variety from piece to piece.

Listel or Listello - A decorative border, primarily for walls.

Marble - A natural stone product quarried from the earth. It gets a distinctive shine from the polishing process it goes through. Available in multiple finishes and a wide variety of colors.

Monocottura - A method of producing tile by a single firing in which body and glazes are fired in kilns at temperatures of over 2000°.

Mosaic - Ceramic, porcelain, glass, metal or stone tile less than six square inches. May come in squares, hexagons, octagons or random shapes. Mounted for ease of installation.

Mud - A slang term referring to thick-bed mortar consisting of sand and cement.

Porcelain Tile - Mosaic or paver tile composed by the dust-pressed method. Characterized by a dense and impervious body.

Quarry Tile - Dense, unglazed tile that is generally 6" or more in surface area and less than 3/4" thick.

Sealer - A penetrant applied to prevent the absorption of liquids or other debris. Used with porous materials including: quarry tile, grout, natural stone. Sealer is not necessary for glazed ceramic tile.

Slate - A natural material that is known for its dynamic colors and "earthly" appeal. Colors range from grey to purple to black. Slate is used outside as well as inside because of its natural look and wonderful colors.

Spacers - Cross-shaped plastic pieces that are used during installation to evenly separate tile. Manufactured in various thicknesses and shapes.

Tile - A ceramic unit, usually thin in relation to facial area. Made from clay or a mixture of clay and other ceramic material. Has a glazed or unglazed face.

Travertine - Similar composition to limestone but with holes created by hot springs. Colors include beige, red, yellow and brown, with some variation from piece to piece.

Trim Pieces - Various shaped pieces used for bases, caps, corners, moldings, angles, etc.

Unglazed Tile - A hard, dense tile of uniform composition. No glaze.

Wall Tile - Glazed tile with a body suitable for interior use. Not expected to withstand excessive impact or be subject to freezing/thawing conditions.